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Structural Design of Industrial Buildings
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When: June 20 - 22, 2012
Where: EPIC Learning Centre
5670 McAdam Rd
Mississauga, Ontario  L4Z 1T2
Contact: Farah Eftekhari (416-223-9961 x 228)

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After participating in this course you will be able to:
• Prevent serviceability failures that affect productivity
• Calculate design loads and methods to combine them with anticipated loads
• Determine dynamic loading, including crane, equipment and seismic factors
• Provide durable, flat, low maintenance concrete floors on grade
• Select economical structural systems that would provide long life and scalability for the inevitable future changes
• Ensure suitable and efficient crane buildings
• Design floor systems for vibration control, fatigue, ultimate strength and deflection control

Efficient structural design of industrial facilities requires engineers to possess integrated knowledge of theory and practice. It is essential to understand the issues that can affect stability, safety, and serviceability.

This course presents structural design of industrial facilities in a systematic manner starting with loads and load combinations, different types of structural systems and framing concepts including braced frames, rigid frames and building with steel shear walls. Design of roof framing with cantilever (Gerber) girders and open web steel joists is introduced. Fully detailed design of composite concrete-steel floor system is studied.
Rhythmic activities, such as walking, aerobics, and high-impact dancing, cause serious floor vibration problems due to resonance. Also, both human comfort and the need to control movement for sensitive equipment are of major concern in the structural design of floor systems.
This course provides basic principles and simple analytical tools to evaluate steel framed floor systems and foot bridges for vibration serviceability due to human activities.

Guidance on vibration evaluation and remedial measures to resolve floor vibration problems that can arise in existing buildings are discussed.
It discusses the essential concepts of strength and stability, serviceability and safe structural design of crane runways and supporting columns. The procedure for structural design per CAN/CSA.S16-01 for composite floor beams, steel beams, columns subjected to axial force and moment, is introduced. The design is extended to evaluate existing members when retrofitted to increase their bending, shear and/or axial compressive resistance due to increase in applied loading, under-strength of existing members or reduction in members' cross-section area due to rusting. Wall systems suitable for use in the industrial facilities are reviewed. Most commonly used materials and the selection of appropriate materials are discussed. The course introduces recent developments on the use structural insulated foam-timber panels (SIPs) as roofs, cladding and walls in industrial building based on a recent research conducted at Ryerson University to establish design tables for SIPs' use in buildings.

To provide relevant design concepts for the structural design of industrial facilities, material selection, design procedures and back analyses for existing facilities for possible rehabilitation and retrofit. Participants work on examples to develop skills for design.

Who Should Attend
Structural designers, owners and managers of civil engineering departments in consulting companies, facility owners, architectural engineers, plant engineers, building manufacturers, contractors, construction procurement personnel in power generation and distribution, oil companies and refineries, mining, chemicals processing, aluminum, pulp and paper, and water treatment and regulatory agency engineers who influence the design, location, and the use of industrial facilities. You will also benefit if you are a structural engineer desiring to increase your familiarity with industrial structures and facilities or are planning to practice in this field. The course will go deeply into elements of structural design. Attendees must have basic knowledge of structural steel design to get full benefit of this practical design-oriented course.

Special Features
This course is unique in that it covers problems and solutions involved with the design of industrial facilities. You will benefit from a broad range of topics covered. You learn design of crane runways, mill buildings and elevated floors for industrial facilities. You are introduced to the concepts of stability and serviceability. Numerous design examples are presented along with hands-on exercises under instructor guidance.

Bring With You
Your own copy of the Handbook of Steel Construction - 10th Edition.

Instructor: Khaled Sennah, Ph.D., P.Eng., P.E.

Program Outline

Day I

Registration and Coffee

Welcome, Introduction, Workshop Preview, Learning Outcomes and the Assessment Method

• What are industrial facilities, general and specialty manufacturing facilities?
• How are they different from other types of structures such as warehouses, commercial, institutional, and municipal structures?
• Most commonly used structural systems: gable frames, joists and joist girders, laced columns and trusses, stepped columns, conventional
framing, and pre-engineered structural systems
• Design loads, governing codes, and minimum requirements
• Load combinations

Structural Systems and Components
• Structural systems
• Systems with cranes - heavy industrial facilities
• Systems without cranes - light industrial/manufacturing facilities

• Load bearing walls: dead and live loads, wind, and seismic loads
• Non-load bearing walls: interior and exterior walls
• Masonry walls: partition walls and fire walls,
• Metal walls: design of girts, sag rods, and wind posts
• Structural insulated foam-timber panels (SIPs) as bearing wall and cladding
• Design of structural steel shear wall for lateral load resisting systems
• Design examples

Design of Roof Framing with Cantilever (Gerber) Girders and Open Web Steel Joists
• Roof framing layout
• Design considerations for the open web steel joists
• Design considerations for the Gerber girder system
• Transfer of loads to foundation trough columns and bracing system
• Structural stability considerations for columns
• Design example

Elevated Floors
• Types of floors used in industrial facilities
• Design of elevated floors for forklift truck traffic
• Design example


Day II

Composite Floors with Concrete Deck Slab on Steel Beams or Girders
• Deck slab systems in steel framed buildings
• Header shear stud for composite floor member design
• Loading considerations for shored and unshored composite floor system
• Effective slab width in composite beams
• Ultimate flexural capacity of composite beams at positive and negative moment regions
• Partial- and full-shear interaction
• Ultimate shear design
• Check for deflection partial and full-shear interaction; deflection due to concrete shrinkage
• Web opening in composite beams.
• Design tables for composite beams with full-depth deck slab as well as with deck slab over permanent steel deck panels
• Design examples

Composite Open Web Steel Joists and Trusses
• Floor layout
• Strength design consideration
• Serviceability design considerations
• Typical connection details
• Composite truss member trial section tables.
• Floor design example

Stub-girder Floor Construction
• Stub and beam layout
• Structural modelling of stub-girder for preliminary manual analysis
• Structural modelling of stub-girder for computer analysis
• Stub girder member flexural strength
• Stud shear connection design
• Shear capacity of stubs and stub stiffener details
• Design of weldments at stub-to-girder interface
• Stub girder deflection check
• Shoring check for stub girders
• Design example

Steel and Composite Beams with Web Openings
• Structural behaviour of reinforced versus un-reinforced web opening
• Overview of the design procedure
• Moment-shear interaction
• Equations for maximum moment capacity as well as shear capacity
• Guidelines for proportioning and detailing beams with web openings
• Deflection design approach for beams with web openings
• Design example

Steel Castellated (open-web expanded) Beams
• Configuration of castellated beam – fabrication
• Design considerations and procedure for moment, shear and deflection
• Design example



Introduction to Floor Vibration Due to Human Activities
• Basic vibration terminology
• Floor vibration principles
• Acceptance criteria for human comfort
• Recommended criteria for structural design for walking and rhythmic excitation
• Natural frequencies of steel framed floor systems
• Deflection due to flexure, shear in beams and trusses, continuity effects
• Special considerations for open web steel joists and joist girders

Structural Design for Walking Excitation
• Recommended design criteria and estimation of the design parameters
• Application of the design criteria
• Design example for a foot bridge, typical interior and exterior bay in a commercial building and mezzanines level.

Structural Design for Rhythmic Excitation
• Recommended design criteria and estimation of the design parameters
• Application of the design criteria
• Design example for a typical interior and exterior bay in a commercial building and mezzanines level

Structural Design for Sensitive Equipment
• Recommended design criteria and estimation of the design parameters
• Application of the design criteria
• Design example for a typical interior and exterior bay in a commercial building

Evaluation of Vibration Problems and Remedial Measures
• Evaluation of existing floor vibration
• Remedial measures
• Protection of sensitive equipment
• Cases studies

Crane Runways
• Overview of cranes and usage
• Forces imparted by cranes
• Load combinations involving cranes
• Types of crane runway systems, overhead, underhung, yard cranes, gantry cranes and jibs
• Design of EOT crane runways
• Mono-symmetric versus symmetric crane girder in flexural strength
• Design example

Design of Mill Buildings and Combined Columns
• Design considerations
• K – factors and end restraints
• Column design – recommended procedure
• Bracing requirements
• Base fixity, rotational restraints, and support settlement
• Lateral drift and stiffness considerations
• Design of fixed column bases
• Design examples

Questions and Answers and Feedback to Participants on Achievement of Learning Outcomes

Final Adjournment

Daily Schedule:
8:00 Registration and Coffee (Day I only)
8:30 Session begins
12:00 Lunch
4:30 Adjournment

There will be a one-hour lunch break each day in addition to refreshment and networking breaks during the morning and afternoon. Lunch and refreshments will be provided.

1.8 CEU / 18 PDH


Khaled Sennah
Khaled Sennah, Ph.D., P.Eng., P.E., Full Professor of Structural Engineering with Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada and the Chair of the Civil Engineering Departement. He has over 23 years of research, teaching and industrial experience in the area of structural engineering, with particular emphasis on bridges. He designed and shared in design of major multimillion-dollar projects in United States of America, Canada, Saudi Arabia and Egypt. His core area of expertise includes design, evaluation, retrofit and rehabilitation of bridge infrastructure on which he published more than 100 publications. Recently, he received the 2002 state-of-the-art of Civil Engineering Award and the 1999 Arthur Wellington Prize from the American Society of Civil Engineers, ASCE, and the 1997 P. L. Pratley Award from the Canadian Society of Civil Engineering, CSCE, for best journal papers on Bridge Engineering. He has been collaborating with Ontario Ministry of Transportation in developing prefabricated bridge systems and connection technologies, precast concrete barriers, FRP-reinforced bridge barriers and rehabilitation of bridge girders using FRP technology.

The fee for this course:

Before May 18, 2012

Members: $1615 + HST

Non Members: $1795 + HST

After May 18, 2012

Members: $1768 + HST

Non members: $1965 + HST

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